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Members of Physical Sciences

Origins, history, current facts and Members divided by sections.

Its origins can be traced back to 1690, with the creation of the "Accademia degli Inquieti" by Eustachio Manfredi. The decision to devote its activities to the physical and natural sciences, to mathematics and medicine, was to be supported by Luigi Ferdinando Marsili, when the Academy joined the Institute of Sciences in 1711. By the nineteenth century, the Academy had become one of the most important European Academies for the quality of its scientists, ranking among the world’s most eminent ones.. Among its members were Luigi Galvani, Alessandro Volta, Laura Bassi, Mikhail Lomonosov, Anders Celsius, Georges Louis Leclerc Buffon and many great Italian and European scientists. In the nineteenth century, after an initial decline due to the Napoleonic era, thanks to its medicine, science and mathematics studies, the Academy became the most active research centre in the Bologna area, where future University masters would present their latest findings.

The Academy’s membership has featured Luigi Calori, Antonio Alessandrini, Giovanni Brugnoli, Francesco Rizzoli in the biomedical sciences, Luigi Cremona, Eugenio Beltrami  and Ferdinando Paolo Ruffini in mathematics, Augusto Righi and Silvestro Gherardi in physics. At the beginning of the 20th century, the Academy included such international distinguished members as Marie Curie, Albert Einstein and Guglielmo Marconi.

The Fascist era and World War II were to have disastrous effects on almost all the academies in northern Italy. After the war, the Academy, through its class of physical sciences, would try everything to painstakingly regain its old fame.

At present, the Class of Physical Sciences boasts large areas of excellence, among which are the lectures on the most important novelties in medicine, organized by the President of the Academy Prof. Francesco Antonio Manzoli. Other areas of excellence in this Class include thechemistry section coordinated by Prof. Alberto Breccia Fratadocchi, the engineering section, run by Prof. Giambattista Scarpi, the physics section, with the lectures given by Prof. Antonino Zichichi, as well as the biology section.